Study Techiques

Listen Deeper to Improve Your English Listening Skills


Advice for How to Improve Your English Listening Skills

A surprising amount of people have problems with their English listening skills… or any language that they are learning.

I am definitely one of them.

For me, listening did not come naturally and I didn’t realize that I had a problem until I had reached an intermediate level in my target language. I want to share with you the biggest mistake I think you might be making when it comes to progressing your listening skills faster to be able to finally start enjoying the American English movies, television series or even native speakers in an everyday English conversation.

You’ve Gotta Go Deeper!

If you’ve been to our website, you will know that we have a very popular podcast that features casual English conversations about different topics. Great for listening practice, right?

Our listeners are making one serious mistake with their good intentions of improving their English listening skills… they just aren’t going deep enough to really make a difference in their listening skills. I know that most English learners like to listen to an audio once or twice, then they move on to something else that is new and exciting.

The fact is… you won’t see significant improvement with your English listening skills by consuming new content all the time.

Your ears still can’t hear the words and phrases it didn’t recognize the first time and you still don’t know the words you couldn’t hear. Your listening skills are going to improve at a snail’s pace (very slow) if this is your plan of action to improve your listening.

Trust me, there is a faster way and you don’t need to listen to the SAME audio 100 times to see a huge results.


A Bit of Training to Improving Your Listening Skills

Being dependent on subtitles and transcripts reminds me of a deaf person watching a movie. The difference is that you CAN hear and you have to ability to understand the movie without subtitles with a bit of training, where as the deaf person will continue to need the subtitles. You have a choice to change your listening problem is my point.

With a bit of work and focus you can improve your listening skills to the point where you can truly enjoy English audio without the scripts EVEN IF you need them for now. Reading while you are listening is twice as much work and half as much fun. 

When you have weak listening skills, transcripts are a key part of your listening training. Especially if you don’t have a native speaker handy to tell you every 2nd word you can’t hear…

The fact is that you cannot hear the words. Speaking from personal experience, listening to the same audio clip 100 times doesn’t help me. If anything, my brain gets more confused trying to guess what in the heck I am listening to!

This is where transcriptions are essential and where I will explain the need to go deeper with your English listening skill development and get the most out of each piece of audio you take the time to listen to and study.


Take Your Listening Deeper

Let’s pretend you are listening to an English conversation and you can only understand 50% the first time. It is going to seem like you have a general idea about the topic but you doubt your understanding and are a little hesitant to explain what the conversation is about to another person. You might have a difficult time remembering what you just heard as well.

After listening a second time, you feel like you know about 60 or 70%. Which is great, you seen some improvement without a transcript!

But… why is that other 30% not important to you? You’ve already listened to the audio twice and you only seen a small improvement. Each time you listen without the tools you need you will see less improvement each time.

30% that you are ignoring or you cannot hear is:

  • New vocabulary
  • Unfamiliar sounds your brain is still filtering out as ‘unimportant’
  • Grammar you can’t understand at the speed of speech
  • And an adjustment to the new accent of the person you are listening to

The thing that you don’t realize is that everything you learn from one audio will be transferred over to other audio you hear. Once you train your ears to understand the most common words, you will hear them again and again in new audio… which helps you to understand the next audio better. The same is true for comprehending grammar and building your recognition for new accents.


english listening skills

How Vocabulary Affects Listening

If you don’t know a word, you won’t know means when you hear it. 

Lack in vocabulary can be a major reason why you aren’t understanding what you hear. Of course, you should be focusing on the most common words that are used in everyday speaking. Where do you think you are going to find the most common words in spoken English?? Well, probably in everyday conversations

To figure out if you have a problem with vocabulary all you need to do is read a transcript without the audio. If you feel that you know most of the words but you don’t understand the audio without a transcript perfectly, you likely have a problem with your brain filtering out ‘new’ and ‘foreign’ sounds.

The Filter Between the Brain and Your Ears

Ohhhh, the filter. If you have never heard this before, let me explain it to you.

listening filter coffeeYour ears are constantly hearing sounds around you but your brain is usually very good at telling you which ones are important. For example, if you hear the doorbell, you will instantly be alert and know you need to go to the door right away because someone is there waiting for you. On the other hand, the dog barking outside is just background noise that you only hear for a moment of two throughout the day.

The filter kind of works the same with languages. Your brain recognizes the sounds from your native language and allows these sounds to be registered as important. Once the sounds are recognized, the brain can move onto connecting the sounds to make words and finally, a complete idea.

Foreign sounds in a new language can be filtered by your brain as ‘unimportant’ just like the barking dog outside or the fan blowing in the background. Even though you are trying really hard to hear these English sounds… your brain is literally ignoring them which is why you probably have a hard time repeating something you didn’t hear very well.

Train Your Ears to Learn the New Sounds when Listening to English

Get some audio and a transcript. It’s time to get to work. You can download a full English conversation on our website.

Listen to a short section of audio. If you cannot understand what you hear, read the transcript and listen again. If it is still hard, slow down the audio and make sure you can hear every single sound. Here’s a video about how to slow down audio using two popular audio players.

Don’t feel stupid if you need to listen again and again to a section of audio that only has 5 or 10 words. Sometimes native speakers are talking quickly and it takes longer for your brain to process the sounds when they are really fast. The more you listen to the same audio (with the transcript as your assistant), the audio will become clearer and clearer.

man-909049_1280A secret tip: Listen to the same audio the next day.

I have found that I can understand audio that I have studied much better the next day.  My brain automatically understands words I was struggling to hear the day before without any extra effort. I think overnight while you sleep, your brain processes the new things that you were telling it to pay attention to. Then, the next time you hear those sounds, your brain is not ignoring them!

Comprehending Fast Audio and Complicated Grammar

Processing the audio that you hear at a normal speed is a different listening skill altogether. In the same way that you use transcriptions to assist you with recognizing new words and sounds, you can use them to assist in listening comprehension.

Close your eyes and listen to the audio. When there is a part that you do not understand very well, look at the transcript and try to figure out what it means. Pay attention to the grammar and sentence order too. You should be able to hear and be processing all these little details while you are listening.

I recommend focusing on your listening comprehension separately as an independent activity with the goal of having a deep understanding of what you are hearing.  


burn the english transcript

Throw Away that Transcript!

The moment that you can stop using the transcript, you need to stop using it. Once you feel like you have mastered a section of audio or you have improved your listening as much as you can, it is time to only listen to the audio.

The purpose of having a transcript is only for understanding what your ears cannot recognize on their own. This is the absolute key with using transcriptions and subtitles!

If you are depending on the subtitles, you need to be rewinding that section of the movie again and again until you can hear what the actors are saying without using the subtitles.

Stop being lazy when you are listening and you will start seeing results! In a very short period of time you will notice you hear more and more of everything you listen to. Go deeper with your listening and do activities that are going to make a difference when you are trying to improve it.

Please leave me a comment below to tell me what you thought about this article. Have I convinced you to go deeper with your English listening to get to your goals faster?


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Vocabulary Building is Easy When You Focus on the Newest Words

Vocabulary Building FasterWho has time to study a list of 100’s of words!

How big is your list of words that you ‘should’ be studying regularly? Does it have 500, 600 or even 1000 words?

It is easy to build a big list of words very quickly, but it can be difficult to find the time to study them as often as you need to remember them. Let’s talk about the best way to get better at vocabulary building, and this is to stop reviewing ‘old’ vocabulary in your list.

Context is the Key to Quick Vocabulary Building

It is much easier to understand the meaning of a word when you see it or hear it being used in real life, in context. You can understand what the word means because of the situation it is being used in.

For this reason, I always recommend that you study interesting videos, articles, books or audio tracks so that you can connect the new word to the situation where you first seen it. If possible, use the original sentence where you saw the word being used as an example sentence with the new word. This process helps you connect an ‘unknown’ word to an idea that you remember where the word is being used.

Faster Vocabulary Building

In my experience, it is easier to remember new words when I review them for the first time within 1 day of learning them. When I review the new words 2 or 3 times within 1 week, I usually know them well enough to feel I have learned them successfully.

15 minutes per week should be all the time you need to spend studying to remember the words that are really going to stick in your mind long-term. The key, is to see or hear the words 3 or 4 times within that first week.

The best way to review the new words and successfully do vocabulary building is to watch the video or read the article again where you originally seen the new words. You are getting a review of context and seeing the words at the same time.

Why You Should Stop Studying ‘Old’ Wordsold vs new words for vocabulary building

If a word is used often, you will see it shortly after learning it. Therefore, if you forget a new word, it is probably not used very often. Why should you try to remember a word you are never going to use? The idea of vocabulary building is to find words that will be used often.

Also, once you have learned new words (after reviewing them for a week or so), you will probably recognize it if you hear it in audio or see it in writing for several weeks. At this point, you will either remember it when you need it for speaking or you won’t. Keep studying and exposing yourself to the language, to have the best chance of hearing, reading or experiencing the language and vocabulary as much as possible.

When Your Brain is Ready, You will Remember it.

Sometimes you find words that are difficult to remember because you haven’t learned other words that are similar to it. As your English vocabulary grows, it will become easier to remember more advanced vocabulary and strange words because you will be able to connect them to other words that seem similar in English.

If you can’t remember a word, no matter how hard you try… Stop studying it. You are not ready to learn that new word or phrase yet. If it is an important phrase or word, you will see it used often and it will become more familiar each time.

Leave a comment below if you have been studying ‘old words’ and you see the importance of using your study time to find new words instead!

If you are looking for a flash card app to use, I recommend using this one: Brainscape. You can read post here about how to use flashcards to learn words faster.  

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Learning to Speak English – Knowledge vs. Skills

Have you ever learned a new sport? When you speak English, it kind of feels the same…

how to speak english betterLearning a language is a really interesting process and sometimes it can help to think about something from a different perspective. I wanted to share a comparison between learning English and learning a new sport to try to explain how speaking uses a different part of the brain, which is why it feels so difficult to speak English in the beginning.

Let’s Learn How to Ski!!

I am Canadian, so I am going to talk about a very popular sport that we enjoy doing in the mountains during the winter. If you decided you wanted to learn how to ski, the best advice would be to get a lesson so you have some knowledge about what you need to do with your body to successfully ski down a hill.

Knowledge or Facts You Need to Ski: The instructor wants to make sure you know how to turn and stop. So, he tells you to put more pressure on your right leg to start turning as soon as you start to go down the hill.

Developing the Skills: The first time you try to do this, you start putting pressure on your leg, but the ski does not turn very much and you fall down to stop. However, after trying to do the same thing several times, you learn how to turn to do a turn and stop!

learning to speak english is like a sport

Comparing Skiing to English Speaking

In order to speak English you need to start with some basic cactus studying englishknowledge (which you already have), such as basic pronunciation, some vocabulary and a few grammar rules like how to conjugate a verb.

The ‘knowledge’ of the words and how to put them together in a sentence is information that is stored in one part of the brain. However, when you try to speak English you are trying to do an ‘action’ based on the knowledge you have. You are refering to your English knowledge, one piece at a time, while you try to speak out loud.

Every time that you use a new word or grammar structure while speaking, you are developing your speaking ‘skills’. Skills are developed when you use ‘knowledge’ with ‘action’. At first, speaking is slow and uncomfortable, but the more often that you use the most common words and grammar structures, it becomes easier!

Ski Lesson #2 – Advancing your Skills 

Once you have learned how to turn and stop, you need to learn how to connect your turns without stopping. Your instructor will give you more of the ‘knowledge’ that you will need to attempt that activity. As you try to connect the turns, you are thinking about how you are supposed to do the activity until you develop the skills to just do it.

Speaking With Having to ‘Think’

group speaking englishThe first time you learn a new skill skiing, you have to think about every single movement because you are trying to apply the knowledge that your instructor gave you to develop a certain skill.

When you first start trying to speak English you will also need to think about every word you use and how to correctly use the grammar until you are comfortable with using those words.

The cool thing is that after you use the same words and verbs over and over again… you don’t have to think about them as much. If you practice speaking enough, you will be able to respond most of the time without thinking about vocabulary or grammar.


Active Vocabulary vs. Passive Vocabulary

Have you ever noticed that when you try to speak, very often you cannot remember a certain word? But, when you hear that same word or you see it while reading, you recognize it. That is the difference between active vocabulary and passive vocabulary.

Active vocabulary is the set of words that you can instantly recall when speaking. You don’t need to stop and remember what the word is before saying it. Having active vocabulary shows that you have practiced speaking and have developed speaking ‘skills’.

Passive vocabulary is the type of vocabulary that you have stored in the ‘knowledge’ department of your brain. You might be able to remember it eventually, but you have to stop your speaking in order to remember it.

activate your english vocabularyPassive vocabulary is basically useless when you are speaking. It is like reading about ‘how to ski’ compared to trying to ski down a hill. The facts you learned about skiing, do not make you a good skier.  You need to train your body how to react without thinking.

Once your brain has used vocabulary or grammar it is easier to recall for the next time it is needed. You have started to activate the vocabulary which makes it easier to use every time you need it.


The Fastest Way to ‘Activating’ Your English Knowledge

Trying to speak English is the fastest way to use vocabulary in an active way. The good news is that you can practice speaking about anything and you don’t even need a practice partner. Look up the words you do not know or cannot remember and immediately use them in several sentences.

Easy Activities

Start by trying to talk about what you are doing now, what are your plans for later in the week or what you did yesterday.

More Challenging Topics

Watch a video, listen to some audio or read about something. Try to explain what the topic was about. Start with a general summary of 2 or 3 sentences, later try to give as much detail as possible.

When you start to recognize the difference between ‘knowing’ English and ‘using’ English, it can help you understand why it feels so difficult. Keep in mind the comparison to learning a new sport and you should have more patience with the process of developing your speaking skills.

Do you think speaking in English is like a sport? What did you think about this article? Leave a comment below.

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How to Make an English Study Plan for Learning Outside of the Classroom

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Which Skills Do You Need to Improve

When you decide to start studying English on your own, it can be very challenging to know what to focus on to help you to continue to improve. This guide will help you create a study plan to organize and prioritize the skills you want to improve so that you can learn faster than learning in a classroom!

It can be overwhelming to try to improve all of your skills at the same time. With this plan you are only going to focus on 3 skills so that you will see improvement after a month of completing your study plan. Start by deciding on 3 skills you want to improve the most.

Here’s a list of ideas:

  • Speaking
  • Listening
  • Vocabulary
  • Writing
  • Pronunciation
  • Speaking Fluency
  • Speaking Faster
  • Comprehending Fast English
  • Sounding More ‘Native’ or Natural when speaking

customer service agent speak fluently

Real Life Example:

Sara wants to feel more confident communicating in English for her
job. She has to talk to clients over the phone and some of them are English speaking.

The 3 skills Sara is going to focus on this month for her study plan are:

  1. Speaking Fluency
  2. Listening Comprehension
  3. Using New Vocabulary

Get a Copy of Sara's Study Plan

See the study plan that Sara will use to improve: download the study plan template

  • speaking fluency
  • listening comprehension
  • vocabulary

Get the Study Plan

Finding techniques and resources

Now that you know which skills you want to improve, you need to find techniques and resources that will help you to use and develop the skills. Be creative with ideas to practice using each skill. We will continue using the example with Sara:

Skill #1: Speaking Fluency Strategy and Activity

Sara needs to find a technique or activity to practice her speaking fluency. She is able to write well, but she is not happy with her ability to speak without pausing to think.

She decides to try a speaking fluency technique that she found on our website at Real English Conversations. The activity suggests that you find a story, video or audio to study then you try speaking out loud about it. The fluency key, is repeating your answer at least 3 times. You can read the full article that explains the speaking fluency exercise here.

Sara likes to watch videos on you tube so she finds an interesting channel with ‘Top 10’ videos like the one below.  She will pause the video after each segment and try to explain what the video was talking about 3 times. She will also use the speaking practice questions that are part of the Premium Membership on our website.

Skill #2: Listening Comprehension ActivityEnglish listening skills thumb

To practice listening comprehension, she needs to have transcriptions with audio or videos with subtitles. She will use the transcriptions from the conversations we have available. Every time she cannot understand the audio perfectly, she will rewind it and listen again. Sara identified her problems with listening in this article about how to improve listening skills.


Skill #3: Vocabulary Building

Sara took English classes for many years and she knows that the vocabulary she learned is different than what American English speakers use in everyday life. She will be studying the transcriptions from our Real English Conversation lesson to find everyday vocabulary and to look for phrases that are used to pause while thinking.


Measure your starting level

In order to know if you have improved, it is important to take note of your current ability with each skill. This is also helpful to keep you motivated

Do an activity or a lesson that uses each skill that you will be trying to improve. Do the activity and make notes about what was difficult for you and where you would like to improve.

If your goal is to improve your speaking fluency, you can record a 2-5 minute audio or video recording of yourself trying to explain something, perhaps the reason why you need to improve your speaking fluency.

Get Your Copy of the Study Plan Template

Being organized will help you to stay focused on the skills you want to improve. download the study plan template

  • A Study Schedule Template
  • Progress Tracker
  • Goal Setting Worksheet

Get the Study Plan

Make a weekly plan to do the work you need to do

scheudle for your study plan

Now you know the skills you will be focusing on and which activities you can do to improve the skills. Next, you need to prioritize the skills. Choose the skill that needs to improve the most out of the 3 skills, then choose the second most important skill to improve. Of course, the 3rd skill is the lower priority.

If you have very little time to study each week, less than 3 hours, I recommend only focusing on 2 skills. Whenever possible, do activities that use both skills in the practice activities.

Think about your schedule and how many hours per week you can commit to studying and practicing English. Fill out a weekly schedule to follow which activity you will practice on each day.

This is how you should split your time in the study plan:

  • 40% on the main skill to improve
  • 30% on the second skill
  • 20% on the third skill
  • 10% on grammar

Enter the activities into your calendar with the activities  and the time you will spend doing each activity into the calendar. Obviously, you should schedule more activities that focus on the main skill you want to improve. If possible do activities that use multiple skills at the same time. Get the worksheet you can use to make your own schedule here

Only study one grammar point per week. Learning grammar in small parts will not help with speaking and listening fluency but it is important to slowly learn new grammar tips to help you speak properly.

Measure your resultsprogress with the study plan

After one month of doing the exercises and activities to help you improve certain skills, it is time to measure your results.

Do the same lesson or activities that you did at the beginning of the month to test your starting level. If you recorded a video or audio to measure you speaking fluency, you need to record another audio or video talking about the same topic.

Think about each activity and if it felt easier or harder. Compare your speaking to see if you think you have improved.


Make your plan for the next month

You should be able to see some progress with your skills. Now you will know which activities you like and which ones you don’t. More importantly, you will know which activities were the most helpful versus the ones that did not seem to improve your language skills.

Follow the steps in this plan again, where you decide which skills you want to improve and do it again. After one or two months, the skill you feel you need to improve the most might be better than another skill. As you make progress in the language, you can expect that the skills you need to improve will change and the activities you need to do will become harder or will require a more detailed answer.

Leave me a comment below to say which 3 skills you want to improve this month! If you need some ideas about what to study, I will respond to your comment. Please share this article if you think it will help someone else 🙂

English Listening Skills: Solutions to Fix Poor Listening Comprehension

english listening skills

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In a conversation, English listening skills are just as important as speaking. The fact is that you cannot respond to someone if you do not hear them well. What’s worse, you could give an incorrect response because you had to guess what was said to you.

Students tend to focus on speaking as a problem because they find it difficult to put together entire sentences properly. Listening seems easier in the beginning because you can guess what a message means with hearing as little as 30 or 40%. For this reason, many students reach an intermediate or even an advanced level before they realize they need to focus on improving their listening skills.

In this article, I’ll explain the different stages of listening in a way that will help you understand exactly where your ears need help. Plus you will learn the techniques I used to improve my English listening skills to be able to start learning new vocabulary and phrases, with only my ears.

If you ignore poor English listening skills

I wonder if you can relate to my experience…

As I started to reach an intermediate level (with my second language), I had learned enough vocabulary that I could finally understand basic audio conversations. Even though I couldn’t hear every word, I understood enough of the audio to create a story in my head that made sense when I thought about the context of the situation.

At this stage, you get excited that you can finally understand something in this language you have been studying for a really long time and you say to yourself, “I just need to learn more words and verbs then I’ll be able to understand more.”

My listening skills had always been weak, I was only able to recognize words that I knew really well or if a person spoke really slowly and separated all the words. Because of this, I became developed with the skill of guessing what I was hearing based on the few words I could hear.

Very often in a real conversation, I just pretended I knew what the other person was talking about and agreed until I was asked a question. This is when you realize you have no idea what they just asked you which is super embarrassing!

This type of situation is completely acceptable and normal at an intermediate level. It starts to become a problem if you continue ignoring your poor English listening skills. You will strengthen the habit of only hearing words you know and your ears will continue ignoring all the little words in between. Fully understanding movies, conversations and other audio (without context) will continue to be impossible!

The worst part is you are missing out on the opportunity to learn grammar, vocabulary, and expressions while you are listening to English. It is very rewarding when you realize your listening skills are improving and you can finally understand movies and TV shows without subtitles!


‘Listening’ is NOT Just One Skill

You may be surprised to know there are several steps that happen when you first hear something. Once you identify the stage where your listening is ‘broken’, the solution to fix it is easy!

Let’s take a moment to look at all the processes of listening:

  1. Hearing sounds
  2. Recognizing the sounds are parts of a word
  3. Connecting the word to its meaning
  4. Remembering what each word means
  5. Understanding the concept of all of the words together


Testing Your English Listening Skills

The easiest way to know if your listening skills need some attention is to listen to a new piece of audio with the intention of recognizing the areas you CAN’T hear or understand perfectly.

Listen for each word you do not recognize, take note of it by counting with your fingers or using a piece of paper to draw a dot or a line each time you aren’t 100% certain you are hearing and understanding everything.

Listen to some audio to test your listening skills!

Take 5 minutes to recognize how much your listening can improve with one of our conversations. Do not use a transcription while you are testing your listening.

Identifying Your Problems with Listening

Now that you have identified that there are still some areas you can improve your listening skills, let’s go into more detail about which skill needs practice and the solutions to become an expert listener 🙂


1. Hearing Sounds

This is the first stage in the listening process. If you can hear sounds like the dog barking outside, humming of the fridge… then you have nothing to worry about.


2. Recognizing the Sounds as Words

This was my biggest problem. It took me a long time to recognized it but once I did, my listening started to improve. My ears were acting like a filter. They were ignoring the foreign sounds (or syllables) in the language I was listening to.

English sounds and syllables are ‘foreign’ to your ears compared to the sounds in your native language. Your brain is choosing to ignore these sounds and treating them like they are not important. It is ignoring those sounds in the same way that it can ignore the annoying dog barking outside all day.

This is the main problem that students have when they complain about having poor listening. The solution is to train your ears to recognize the sounds it is ignoring. It takes a bit of patience to do the exercises to correct the problem but you will hear the first results after only a few hours of training 🙂

Watch this interesting clip from Chris Lonsdale, an expert in language acquisition. He speaks exactly about the ‘sound filters’ which are your ears. You only need to watch seconds of the video now, but I highly recommend you watch the whole video later.

How to Fix this Listening Skill

Listen to audio that is appropriate for your level, not too difficult or too easy. If the audio is too fast, use a software like Audacity to slow it down. This video I recorded shows you exactly how to use it in this way:

English Listening Training

You need to train your ears to pay attention to these new sounds so they are recognized as something that has a meaning and needs to be recognized and heard.

Start by listening to a small section of audio with a word or a phrase you cannot understand very well. Sometimes, I need to listen to a very short audio clip (1 second long) as many as 20 or 30 times with the audio slowed down until my ears were recognizing the individual words and sounds. After I can identify the words with slow audio, I listen 15 or 20 more times at a normal speed audio.

It takes a while to understand 2 or 3 words that are said very quickly and blended together.  Using a transcription is very important in listening training. Read the words as you listen once or twice, then try to listen without the transcript. Continue using the transcript to help you identify the sounds and words with the goal of work toward being able to hear to the audio perfectly without the transcription.

Another secret I have discovered is that your brain needs time to digest the new sounds. Try listening to the audio a day or two later. You might be able to hear the audio perfectly! You will be able to hear more than the first time you tried to understand it because your brain has had time to process the new sounds.


3. Connecting a word to a meaningstudying and improving listening skills

Reading a word is completely different than recognizing a word in audio or a conversation. It is 100% normal to not recognize a word when you hear it, even though you ‘know’ the word really, really well in writing.

It will feel effortless to understand the words that you already have an audio connection to. This is because you have already made a connection to that word before.

Words you have learned recently or words that you have never heard before do not have a strong connection in your mind. It takes you a moment to recognize and remember the meaning of the word the first time you hear it.

How to Fix this:

This activity helps you build a connection between the words you ‘know’ to be able to recognize them when you hear them. It also lets you practice new vocabulary without studying a list of words!

  1. Start by listening to some audio.
  2. Stop the audio the moment you don’t know or can’t remember the meaning of a word you heard.
  3. Look up the meaning or read the transcription to see what is being said.
  4. Listen to the audio again with a focus of listening for the new words.
  5. Work toward being able to listen to the audio without needing the transcription.
  6. Listen to the audio a day or two later to review the new vocabulary you learned.

This activity is only to practice your connection with words you already know when you are studying alone. During a conversation, you cannot stop to think to remember a word or look up the meaning.

Remember to relax when you are listening to someone speaking in a conversation. Only focus on the words you can hear clearly and try to make a connection, even if you have to guess.

Stopping to think about the meaning of one word during a conversation can stop you from hearing several sentences while you are thinking. 20, 30 or even 40 words can pass by while you are trying to remember one word. Remember, the words you know well will feel easy to hear.


4. Remembering What You Just Heard

At first, it seems like this step should happen without effort and be a skill that transfers from your native language.  For some people (including me), I needed to spend a day or two practicing ‘how to remember’ what I just heard.

You will know you have this problem if you feel like you recognize every word you are hearing while you are listening to audio… but the moment the audio stops, you can’t remember the details. If someone asked you what the audio was about, would you be able to tell them all the details?

This activity below is great for anyone to try even if you do not think you have a problem remembering what you just heard.

How to fix this: 
Listen to one sentence of an audio track that you can understand well. Not too easy, but you can understand every word.
Try to repeat the sentence. If you can repeat the sentence after two attempts, great!

If you can only remember the last few words, it’s okay. You will improve. Continue to listen to the next few words in the audio and try to repeat as much as you can. The objective is not to repeat the sentence because it is memorized, it is to ‘remember’ what you just heard.

A tip to stay focused while you are listening to audio is to tell yourself that you have to explain what you are listening to the moment it is finished. In fact, you can turn this into a speaking exercise by stopping to explain the audio every 2 or 3 minutes with this speaking practice technique in this article.

5. Understanding the Concept (Listening comprehension)

Understanding what you hear, otherwise known as listening comprehension, is something that will affect most listeners when the audio they are listening to is challenging. Perhaps the audio contains a lot of new vocabulary, fancier words or a complex grammar structure that you aren’t used to seeing or hearing.

How to fix this:

Again I will say, using a transcription while you are listening allows you to use your eyes to assist your brain in understanding better. You mind needs practice processing information (and all the little details) at the speed of someone speaking. Slowing down the audio is a great way to give you more time to understand. Gradually, increase the speed of the audio, then stop using the transcription. You should be able to understand the concept perfectly,

Slowing down the audio is a great way to give you brain more time to think about what it is hearing. After listening to the audio a few times at a slower speed. Once you feel comfortable understanding everything at a slower speed, try listening without the transcription.

Next, increase the speed of the audio to its regular speed. You may need to use the transcript again to help you feel like you are understanding everything perfectly.  After you are confident with the regular speed audio, stop using the transcription. You should be able to understand everything perfectly, at a normal speed

As an advanced student, it is easy to overlook the 10% of an audio that you don’t understand or comprehend. It’s really important to comprehend all of the little grammar pieces and words that may change the meaning. For example, a tiny word like ‘will’ can change the verb tense to the future. Or hearing the difference between ‘the man is on the car’ versus ‘the man in the car’. With one letter changing in the proposition from ‘on’ to ‘in’, the meaning changes completely.

I hope this article has helped you to identify where your ‘listening’ skills have been getting stuck. Just be patient with your ears and realize that you need to take the time to focus on specific activities to help you overcome the small stages in the process.

Which stage of listening do you have problems with?

Share this article to spread this awesome advice to others!

Speaking Fluency Tip: 3 Steps to Having Better Speaking Flow Today

speaking fluency tip

Speaking Fluency Activity: 3 Steps to Having Better Speaking Flow

Being a fluent speaker is every language learner’s dream. Fluency is defined in different ways depending on who you ask, it definitely has a connection to the word ‘flow’. For me, I believe speaking fluency is the ability to link you thoughts together using connective words and phrases the way native speakers do. This allows you time to think about grammar rules or words while you are still ‘speaking’. Fluency is about being able to connect spontaneous thoughts together in a way that ‘flows’ and it’s not as difficult as it sounds to achieve that.

Believe me, this activity will help you to speak better and you can complete it within the next 30 minutes. I’m going to show you how you can achieve better speaking fluency today or at least a better speaking flow than you have ever felt before.

This speaking exercise is very effective in helping you to develop your speaking skills. It’s a perfect exercise if you do not have much time or if you need to improve quickly.

Often the activities to help you improve quickly can feel hard in the beginning and it takes a certain amount of discipline to choose to do these types of challenging activities. It’s normal that most students prefer to do things that are easy and comfortable… but those students don’t want to improve their English as bad as you do, right?


You want to be better at speaking English?

But you hate doing speaking exercises….

Can´t talk in English

The fact is that most students would rather read, write, study grammar, review vocabulary…. Or do anything else they can think of to avoid speaking. Speaking is hard, it is uncomfortable at the beginning and it doesn’t get any easier until you start speaking more often.

The good news is that this technique I am going to share with you can be practiced in the privacy of your own home. You can practice giving your opinion, doing a summary or telling a story with no one around to hear your horrible speaking efforts.

I’m sure your speaking isn’t as horrible as you think it is BUT it can be really uncomfortable talking with someone you don’t know and having a difficult time expressing your thoughts when you are not used to speaking.


Speak, Learn & Repeat: Say it 3 Times

Speaking fluency activityChoose a topic that you can talk about for a few minutes. I like to use an interesting article or news story I have read, a television show, a movie or even a podcast that you listened to.

If you are at an intermediate level, you are going to have a shorter answer than an advanced learner. Even beginners can do this activity using the materials that are appropriate for their level. The great thing is that this activity can be done until you reach your speaking fluency goals. As you advance you start talking about the more advanced topics you are studying and using more advanced vocabulary.

Step 1: Start trying to explain what the topic is about. Tell the story as if it is something interesting that you are explaining to someone in a conversation.

Step 2: Write down the words or phrases that you do not know as you are trying to speak. Look up these new words you recognize that you need to know in order to tell the story.

Step 3: Repeat step 1 and 2 until you feel confident with your ability to express your idea clearly and with a good speaking flow.

Be sure to read the next section where I explain what ‘conversational connectors’ are and how they are essential to speaking fluency.

Let me tell you a story about how I know this technique works…

This story will explain to you how I use this technique. You will also see the quality of the techniques we share on the website. I only share the best and most effective exercises that really helped me to overcome problems with my speaking and listening skills.

One day I decided that I was going to tell my language partner that I was practicing with regularly, about the book I was reading in Spanish. I wanted to be able to explain what the book was about based on what I had read.

amy real english conversations

This is a picture of me, Amy from Real English Conversations, the person writing the article. I just wanted you to be able to see a picture of me so you could imagine me driving down the road and struggling to speak in a foreign language 🙂

So, as I was driving around in my car, I decided to try to explain it to myself using the words I knew. Let me tell you, the first version was a disaster. I had NO speaking flow, I was lacking basic verbs and I didn’t know how to connect the sentences well. I did not feel very good about being able to explain the story line of the book to my language partner in just a few hours…

I wrote down the words I needed to learn and realized I also need to know the ‘conversational connector words’. Examples of simple conversational connectors are: so, then, and, now, but, you know, anyways, after, later, etc. However; when these words are used, they sound extended. The word ‘so’ sounds like ‘soooooooooo’. Or ‘and’ is said like aaaaaaannnnnnnd.

If you listen to a conversation, you will hear how often these words are used and how they ‘buy time’ for the speaker to organize their thoughts. Conversational English is different from written English in the way it is communicated. These words make you sound like you are telling a story to a real person, rather than reading something that is written.

Now that I knew the words I needed and they were fresh in my mind, I tried to explain the story again. It was easier this time but I changed how I was explaining it a bit. This changed the verb tenses I was using, gave me new ‘grammar structures’ to think about and of course, new words. What was happening was I was describing things in greater detail. I looked up any new words and phrases I discovered that I didn’t know.

On the third attempt, I felt like a champion! The words seemed like they were flowing out of my mouth, the grammar was already organized in my head and I was able to remember the new vocabulary.

The next day, I tried the summary again. To my surprise, I was able to remember the new words even though I had not studied them AND I was able to explain the story in even more detail with the best speaking flow I have ever experienced.


Try this Activity… Right Now!

Okay, so now you have a choice. You can either close this article and only think about doing this activity. Or you can try to do it.

Once you do this activity, you will see the way you are using English and how it feels different in your mind than other activities. Below are a few ideas that you can use to practice this exercise right now without needing to leave this page.

  1. What is the technique discussed in this article and how do you do it?
  2. Why did you decide to learn English?
  3. When you are able to speak English fluently, how will it change your life?
  4. What was the last television show you watched about?
  5. What is the plot of your favorite movie?
  6. How do you cook your favorite recipe?
  7. What makes you love your favorite sport?
  8. Tell me what your favorite song is about, what the idea is behind the lyrics.
  9. Describe in as much detail as you can in a story, what you do for work or what your responsibilities are as a student.
  10. What is your favorite season of the year and how that affects the type of activities you do?

As you can see, you can talk about anything using this technique. Your speaking is going to improve REALLY FAST, if you do activities that put all the English skills you have into action. Start using the words that are in your study lists, the grammar you have spent so much time learning and start using the language.

As a premium member on our website, we have 200+ questions that are designed for this exercise or you can use one of our free conversations.

I hope you found this article useful. Please share it on Facebook, Twitter or Google+ if you found it helpful. Click on the icons below.

Leave a comment below to tell me if this is a new technique for you and if it has been useful!

Improve your English Accent | Speaking Practice Exercise: Accent Reduction

Be Understood Easily with a Better English Accent

Hello, I need accent reduction helpOften students have a goal to be fluent like a native speaker and to have a perfect accent. It is not impossible to achieve this goal but perhaps putting more focus on developing the ability to mimic the tones and rhythm of English will be more effective to helping you be better understood.

In this article, I am going to share a speaking activity that you can add to your study routine to reduce your foreign accent and be understood easier by native speakers. Also, there will be some useful links to help you find the type of accent you want to study and where to find more audio with a specific accent.

Your Accent isn’t the Problem! Let’s listen to Patty’s Explanation

Rather than trying to explain the concepts in this awesome video, you can just let Patty Kennedy explain her theory on why your ‘accent’ isn’t the problem. Many famous people with a foreign accent have had great success in the United States such as Jackie Chan or Arnold Schwarzenegger.


Accent Reduction Practice Techniques

I need to improve my English accent

He is trying to say: What is wrong with me?

An activity called ‘Shadowing’ is an awesome technique. Basically, this technique is mimicking a native speaker. Be aware that this activity requires a lot of patience and it may surprise you how many times you need to attempt to repeat the phrase before you can say it well.

For me, I find it too difficult to do this activity with full speed audio. I feel like I my tongue and mouth cannot move as fast as the audio and I miss syllables and tend to have poor pronunciation. So, what I do is use a website like or a program like Audacity to slow down the audio by 30-40%. After a bit of practice I can usually change the audio speed to only being 20% slower while maintaining good pronunciation.

Don’t feel like a failure if you need to try to repeat the audio 50 times! It is very rewarding when you finally can repeat it the same way. You will see that it is possible to have a better accent by doing this activity regularly.

get a better american english accentI like to use my phone or an audio recorder to record myself shadowing (or mimicking) the audio so that I can hear which words I am struggling to say correctly or words that I am saying with a bad accent. Spend time pronouncing those words over and over again until they come out of your mouth with no problems.

The idea is that you become so good at repeating the audio, you actually feel like you are the person saying it. This gives you the sensation of truly speaking like a native speaker.

Finding audio that has the English accent you want to study

Podcasts: You can find podcasts that feature the accent you are interested in. Of course, if you want to learn the American English accent, you can use the conversations we have available on the website. If you cannot hear every single word, start by signing up as a free member so you can get a couple of full conversations and transcripts to practice with. We recently wrote a blog that features 10 Awesome American English Podcasts for Intermediate Students.

News Stations and Radio Shows: You can find news clips or radio stations from regions you are interested in developing an accent for. Pick a large city in the region you are interested in, then do a Google search for: city name + video OR city name + radio station. Example: Los Angeles News videos / Los Angeles Talk radio stations.

Movie Clips or TV Shows: Find movie clips or TV shows. Search in Wikipedia to find out where the television show is filmed or where the actors are from originally to determine the accents being used. I like the You Tube channel: Subtitled Trailers that features trailers from movies with English subtitles. Movie trailers are short which is perfect for this exercise but they sometimes jump around from scene to scene. Just make sure you are selecting one that you understand well. It makes a difference when you are repeating audio you understand.

If you find a video clip you are interested in practicing, but you are unsure which american accent it is, leave a link to the audio or video in the comments below, we will try to figure it out for you!

Here’s a movie trailer with a neutral American accent. It is easy to mimic because the phrases are spaced out.

Did you know there is more than one American English accent?

canadian accent vs. usa accentThe people that live in both the United States and Canada have an “American accent” and they speak American English. With that being said, the accent changes significantly from one side of this enormous continent to the other. Which one do you learn and how do you learn it?

In my opinion, I think the accent spoken in the West is the most clear and neutral. I base this opinion on the fact that 100´s of listeners from our podcast have told us how easily they understand our accent and manner of speaking compared to other regions of North America. Another reason why I believe it would be a good one to focus on is because approximately half of the continent has this type of accent. The East coast of the continent and in the central southern states is where the American accent has a noticeable difference.

However, you need to choose the accent you are interested in, it’s your language learning adventure! If you want to learn a New York accent, go for it! Maybe you are planning on living, working or travelling in New York and you want to fit in. Check out these videos to see samples of different types of American accents to help you determine which one you like the best.


Western North America Accent (One of our conversations)


New York Accent:

The reporter has an accent that sounds like it is from the West Coast compared to the people who live in New York.


Southern Accent:


Most students do not take the time to do this activity, they only read about it. If you are serious about improving your accent, do this exercise every day for 30 minutes for one week. I am willing to bet you will agree that your accent starts to improve!

Do you have any techniques for accent reduction or how to improve your English accent? Leave a comment below. Please share this post if you have found it helpful!


How to Describe Words you Don’t Know Yet – English Speaking Practice Lesson

No Dictionary? No Problem!

Do this English Speaking Exercise to Keep the Conversation Flowing

Learn how to keep talking and learn new vocabulary without a dictionary!

Everyday conversational English is spontaneous and a wide range of vocabulary is used. In this article we are going to arm you with the skills to be able to describe words you don’t know like a pro and turn it into a game you can play with a native speaker.

A skill to Master to Improve English Speaking Fluency

The key to speaking fluency and developing a good speaking flow is to learn how to keep talking without long awkward breaks. It doesn’t have to be perfect English! Native speakers use sounds and words to stall while they are thinking all the time, which is not ‘perfect English’.

As a person learning English, you will find yourself needing to describe a word or concept that you don’t know the vocabulary for. Instead of stopping to think, you can say, “I don’t know the word but….” And continue trying to describe the word.

The other person in the conversation won’t even notice the change in the topic or that you don’t know a word. The conversation will just flow from your original story into a game where they need to try to figure out what word you need to know in order to continue the story.


Here are some examples of how to do this English speaking exercise

Below you will find a few examples of what you might say to describe these words without using the word that you are trying to describe. You can always start by using the phrase, “I don’t know the word but…” then continue with your description.

describe sugar english speaking exercise


I don’t know what it’s called but it’s something used for cooking that is sweet. It is usually white and it looks a lot like salt. Small, white grains that are sweet.


describe street light english speaking exerciseStreet lamp:

It’s a post that is on the street that has a light on it so that people who are walking or driving can see at night.


describe basketball english speaking exerciseBasketball:

This is a game that is really popular in the United States, it has a ball that the players have to throw into a ring with a net. They bounce the ball with their hand as they run.


describe waterfall english speaking exerciseWaterfall:

When there is a river and the height of the land changes, the water continues to flow but it drops over the edge. It can be a few feet to several hundred feet.

Speaking practice with a List of Random Words

Below, you will find a list of words that you can try to describe. DO NOT USE THE WORD that you are describing. The idea is that you need to pretend you don’t know the word.

I recommend trying to do this exercise while speaking out loud; especially if you are an intermediate student or higher. While doing this activity, write down any words that you don’t know to properly describe it, Learn those words so you know them for future situations where you will need to describe something.

Try to describe these words:

  1. Bridgebridge
  2. Bucket
  3. Rope
  4. Horizon
  5. Pants
  6. Zebra
  7. Girlfriend
  8. Construction
  9. File
  10. Hammock
  11. Campfirezebra
  12. Fireworks
  13. Humidity
  14. Farm
  15. Account
  16. Text Message
  17. Church
  18. Sink
  19. Fan
  20. Volcano
  21. Forest Firevolcano
  22. Drought
  23. Flood
  24. Toiletries
  25. Mop
  26. Warehouse
  27. Stadium
  28. Path
  29. Course
  30. Glass
  31. Railingbackpack
  32. Mirror
  33. Backpack
  34. Doctor
  35. Manager
  36. Reservation
  37. Receipt
  38. Zoo
  39. Amusement Park
  40. Parade
  41. Dictionary
  42. Lighter
  43. Beach
  44. Washing Machine
  45. Insurance
  46. Schedule
  47. Park
  48. Wallet
  49. Paint
  50. Plug

Mastering the ability to describe things will make you a better story teller and more interesting to have a conversation with. Native speakers love stories with lots of detail, it’s more entertaining 🙂

You can do this activity anywhere! Look around you and describe an object that is near you. If you are on the bus you could describe the hand rails, the seats, the coin collector, the emergency exit windows etc. Walking down the street it could be the sidewalk, street lamps, electrical wires, street signs, or the gutters.

I’ve got a game for you to play and do this English speaking practice activity…

Pretend you are in a conversation with a native speaker and you can’t remember a word or you don’t know the word. You need to explain the word or things related to the word until the other person guesses what you are trying to say.

Write a description of a word below in the comment section and see if I can guess which word you are trying to explain.

If you think this is a good idea and a helpful technique to improve English speaking skills, please share it on Facebook, Twitter or Google+ so that others can learn from it too!

Sign up as a Free Member and get access to 1 hour of Real Conversations and the Bonus Lesson: 31 Words, Sounds and Expressions Native Speakers Use in Conversations

10 Awesome American English Podcasts for Intermediate Students

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Get the latest articles that we share on this blog plus other helpful advice for intermediate to advanced level English learners


10 American English Podcasts for Intermediate Language Learners

In the last few years podcasts have become extremely popular. You can listen to any topic that interests you, including English Podcasts to practice listening to English conversations, learn grammar, pronunciation or build vocabulary. Check out this list of 10 English language podcasts for intermediate learners that we thought would help you take your English to the next level.

1. Real English Conversations Podcast

Subscribe Here: (Website | iTunes | Android)

This podcast features natural English conversations that you can use to practice your English listening. The conversations are about 12-15 minutes long and are between the hosts, Amy and Curtis. They speak with a clear American English accent about many different interesting topics without slowing down or changing the way they speak normally. There are currently 15 full English conversations available on the podcast or the website. Each podcast features a “Real English Tip” which explains how to handle an everyday situation using different expressions or answers that will make you sound more like a native speaker.

Real English Conversations offers additional courses and conversations including: English Conversation Pack, English Phrasal Verb Course and 21 Days to Better Speaking.

esl pod english podcasts 2. ESL Pod – English Cafe Podcast

(iTunes | website)

This English podcast has an extensive list of episodes that feature a short scripted dialogue and a transcript. Each episode has a slow version and a normal speed version. In each script, they use English expressions and speak about different subjects to try to expose the learner to new vocabulary. There is an option to subscribe as a paid member to receive access to more practice exercises, vocabulary explanations, and other features.

american english pronunciation podcast3. American English Pronunciation

(iTunes | Website)

As the title says, this podcast focuses on English pronunciation. Each episode has a transcription on the website so you can see how each word is spelled as they explain the rules and sound differences. We liked how they use groups of words that produce the same sound. This podcast has an extensive list of audio for you to master English pronunciation by listening and repeating. They offer a membership upgrade which gives you access to more features from their website related to pronunciation.

voa english podcast

4. Voice of America – Learning English Podcast

Subscribe Here (iTunes | Website)

This English Podcast features news stories about current events in the United States and around the world. The audio is a narrated version of written text that is available on the website to read while listening. You will hear the American English accent but the narrated recording is spoken slowly and clearly for easy comprehension. This is great if you have difficulties with listening. This is a great podcast for building vocabulary that you will see in articles and newspapers or what you may hear when watching the news.

english expressions podcast5. Daily Easy English Expression Podcast

(iTunes | Website)

The Daily English Expressions Podcast has a new lesson almost every day that explains a new expression. The host is enthusiastic when he speaks which makes the podcasts fun to listen to. We like that he adds a situation to put the expression in context so that you know exactly how to use it. Most of the episodes are 5 minutes long.

6. The English Phrasal Verb Podcast

Subscribe Here (iTunes | Android | Website)

This Podcast focuses on learning English Phrasal Verbs in context with audio examples. In each lesson, you will hear a new phrasal verb and the meaning will be explained.  What is really cool about these lessons is that each example uses the phrasal verb and then the example is repeated using an alternative to the phrasal verb. This will help clarify the meaning if you are still confused.

These lessons are part of the phrasal verb course which includes stories using 10 phrasal verbs from the lessons, in context. This can be helpful to teach you how to understand the phrasal verbs that have multiple meanings. You can get access to 20 Phrasal Lessons and 2 stories for free here.

7. Happy English Podcasthappy english podcast

Subscribe Here (website | iTunes)

The Happy English podcast explains a bit of everything. They discuss grammar, expressions, pronunciation and general uses of English in real life situations. Each podcast episode features a dialogue that uses the topic being discussed.

You will hear a slow version of the conversation and later a normal speed version. The host Michael, does a good job of providing lots of examples so the listeners can understand easily. There are transcriptions available for purchase on the website if you need more help.

8. Better At Englishbetter at english podcasts

Subscribe Here (website | iTunes)

Better at English Podcasts have unscripted conversations, often as interviews with other native English speakers. Lori, the host, speaks very clear American English and the audio quality is very good in each of the episodes. The podcasts are positive and motivational while you are listening to them.

english podcasts desk 9. English Desk Podcast

(iTunes | Website)

This English podcast uses stories with transcriptions of the audio to help you learn different vocabulary depending on the situations. The stories are narrated in clear, slow English and they use lots of expressions. It seems that English Desk is not producing new episodes right now but they have quite a few episodes available on their website for you to study and listen to.

English language podcasts Dyned10. Dynamic English (DynEd’s) Podcast

Subscribe Here (iTunes | Website)

This English podcast is good for testing your listening comprehension. It includes a few easy to answer questions based on a conversation dialogue. DynEd’s Podcast hasn’t had any recent episodes but there are 36 audio tracks you can listen to and study. The conversations are basic and spoken slowly and clearly with an American English accent. **Note: Click on the gray colored ‘POD’ button to play the audio from the English Podcasts through the website.

If you thought this was an awesome list of podcasts, please share this article 🙂

Which podcast is your new favorite for the list above?

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Learn English Vocabulary Faster with Flash Card Strategy

learn vocabulary

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Get the latest articles that we share on this blog plus other helpful advice for intermediate to advanced level English learners

Having to Learn English vocabulary is no doubt, one of the keys to becoming a better English speaker and listener. A popular technique is to use flash cards to study English vocabulary. Flashcards are a great tool but the technique you use when studying can have a big impact on the speed you will learn your new English vocabulary.

Paper Flashcards versus Technology Based Flashcards

At this point, if you are using paper flashcards that you make yourself, I would encourage you to look into a technology based flash card system to take advantage of something called Spaced Repetition. This type of flash card software system shows you certain flashcards in your list exactly when you need to see them in order to learn them in the quickest way possible. In other words, it shows you the new cards very often and older cards you have seen many times less often.

Although each spaced repetition system has different algorithms (a calculation system), my favorite flash card app has a feature where you decide how well you know the word on a scale of 1 to 5.  If you don’t know the word at all, you mark it as a 1 and you will see this card again very soon. Compared to a word you have classified as a 5, which you know instantly and could use in conversation.

Vocabulary Study Techniques

Regardless if you are using a paper deck or a spaced repetition software system, the most important thing is what you are thinking about when you see each flash card. Only looking at the new word, then looking at the answer is the slowest way to learn new words. I’d like to share some cool techniques that will help you learn words that will be automatically part of your active vocabulary (words you can use when speaking) rather than passive vocabulary (words you recognize or know but cannot remember when speaking).

Can you use the word in context?

When you look at the new word or phrase, try to use it in a real sentence. If you are in an area where you can speak the sentence out loud, do it! Why not practice your pronunciation and speaking skills while studying words. The important thing here is that you are trying to use the word from the flash card in context.

This process does 2 things. Firstly, you will know if you are able to put it into a sentence easily or not. If this is difficult, you probably just need more information or clarification. It could be that you are unsure of how to conjugate a verb or you are unclear on the exact meaning of this word. Look up whatever information you need to know in order to use this word easily.

Sometimes we add words to our flashcard deck that seems like a good word at the time but we have forgotten how it was used originally or why it was interesting to us. So, if you can’t figure out how to use it properly or you have determined it is not a word you will ever use, delete or remove the card. It is very important to include a sentence with each word for this reason.


The second thing that happens when you use a word in context is that you are putting that word into use. It’s not just a word in a boring list. You mind is being forced to use this new word right away in the same way you would use it if you were speaking. If you continue to use this word in sentences while practicing your flashcards, you will be able to use it in conversation easily.

When you study individual words without putting them in your own sentences, they are typically memorized in your passive vocabulary. It’s normal to have more passive vocabulary than active vocabulary but the goal is to have as much active vocabulary as you can so you can be as precise as you want to be when you are speaking.

Remembering is Easier

After you have successfully put the vocabulary words into sentences a few times, you are going to remember that word or phrase a lot quicker than if you do the classic repeating technique. Say the new word, say the meaning. Say the new word, say the meaning. Say the new word, say the meaning….

Of course, as you advance your vocabulary, you will find it easier to make connections to other words of similar meaning.

When I reached a high intermediate level (in Spanish), I noticed I had to start creating flashcards in the same language on both sides, no translations. The reason for this is that I already knew 2 or 3 words that had the same meaning as the new word I was trying to learn.

How do you study new words?? Share your techniques and the answer to the question in the comment section below.